Levels and Factors of Trust in Russian Regions: Results of an Online Experiment
Speaker of seminar Alexey Belyanin, PhD,Senior Research Fellow, International Laboratory for Experimental and Behavioral Economics,National Research University Higher School of Economics
Trust is known as the most important factor in the efficiency of economic and social processes, characterizing the level of development of public institutions (Knack & Keefer, 1997). Traditional methods of measuring trust in survey research (for example, using the World Value Survey methodology) show a rather low level of trust in Russia compared to other countries (Algan & Cahuc, 2013). Unlike survey methods, the trust investment game (Berg e.a., 1995; Johnson and Mislin, 2011) provides an opportunity to measure the level of trust people have in each other under real incentives.
In 2020, we conducted an online trust experiment in 12 Russian cities, representing all federal districts, with the participation of more than 2,000 people. The participants in the experiment - registered users of the Yandex-Toloka crowdsourcing platform - made decisions during the experiment with respect to participants from all cities (double strategic method), which made it possible to collect almost 25 thousand decisions and stimulated expectations regarding the decisions of opponents - the same participants from other cities.
The participants of the experiment – registered users of the Yandex-Toloka crowdsourcing platform-made decisions in the course of the experiment in relation to participants from all cities (double strategic method), which allowed us to collect almost 25 thousand decisions and stimulated expectations about the decisions of opponents – the same participants from other cities.The results showed that motivated measures of trust (trust) and its justifications (trustworthiness) may be more valid from an economic point of view than the survey ones - in particular, unlike the latter, they are correlated with GRP. The levels of motivated trust in Russia (58%) and its justification (44%) were even slightly higher than global trends, and generally meet the expectations of the participants themselves. At the same time, we find negative and positive discrimination between representatives of different regions in relation to each other, clustering of cities by levels of trust, and interregional differences in decision-making mechanisms regarding trust or distrust of counter-partners from other regions.
Record of seminar: https://us02web.zoom.us/rec/share/s10jMmAEzo8HlInM-phAX_3LrFlmGX0qpY8J4b_S7_6cHZ8rlYpK3wEVOmr3JMM.w147DoyK5lYH14IN
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